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How To Get Rid Of Acne Scars

The are various method on how to get rid of acne scars either by using paid treatment or at home by using natural remedies. The procedures on how get rid of acne scars is not only interested those who are faced with such a problem, but also beauticians, because their job is to help people get rid of the traces that are left behind acne. Since the scars are distinct and have different ways of visiting, to each type should be selected individual treatments. Sometimes, successfully getting rid of a scar, the same method of treatment we can have a negative impact on the other.

acne scars types

Acne scars come in many different shapes, sizings and even colors.

Each type of acne scar has its own unique characteristics and features. Because of these differences, the treatment or therapies for acne scars are not one size fits all. It is important to carefully select the therapy that best matches your needs in order to achieve optimal outcomes. Acne scars can be classified into 3 main groups: Depressed( pitted scars ), Raised( keloid scars) and Discoloration scars.

1. Depressed (Pitted) Acne Scars 

Depressed scars are the most common type of scarring that results from inflammatory acne. In general, all the depression scars rest on top of a patch of fibrous, collagen rich scar tissue. This fibrous tissue anchors the base( bottom) of the scar to the sub-cutaneous tissue, preserving the depression and foreclosing the regrowth of healthy tissue.

Effective treatment for depressed acne scars often involve interrupting or removing this scar tissue to enable it replacement with functional, healthy tissue.

There are 3 main types of depressed acne scars:

1. Rolling acne scars are comparatively broad-spectrum hollows in the skin that have rounded, ascent edges. The compounding of several of these types of scars in individual regions of skin demonstrates it a reeling form, hence the name.

Rolling scars are common for in individuals who have had spots of skin that have been afflicted by long-term inflammatory acne. They tend to become more pronounced as the skin ages and loses its original resilience and fullness.

Because reeling scars have ascent edges, many of the available scar therapy techniques are capable of producing positive results. Laser resurfacing( ablative and non-ablative ), substance peels, micro-dermabrasion, needling, subcision and even red light phototherapy can cause improvements in the form of reeling scars. Cosmetic fillers are also sometimes exploited, but many times the large size of the affected districts manufactures fillers an unappealing option.

2. Boxcar acne scars are also relatively broad-minded depressions, but they have steep, defined edges.

Because boxcar scars have steeper edges than wheeling scars, it is more difficult to smooth them out and blend them into the smothering scalp. Laser resurfacing, particularly ablative laser resurfacing often raises good results. Nonetheless, numerous laser cares may be necessary to achieve maximum improvement.

Boxcar scars often encompass smaller places than wheeling scars and can be better candidates for cosmetic fillers. Shallow box car scars can be treated with compound peels and/ or microdermabrasion, but these cares are not very effective for deep scars. Surgical options include punch- out excisions, needling and surgical subcisions.

3. Icepick acne scars are deep and narrow scars. In many cases, icepick scars resemble a large, empty hole in the skin.

Ice pick scars are often the hardest type of acne scar to consider without surgical procedures. Ice pick scars are often quite deep, stimulating them very difficult to treat with standard resurfacing techniques. Chemical peels, micro-dermabrasion and many types of laser resurfacing are unlikely to have a significant impact on ice pick scars because those techniques do not remove enough tissue to be effective.

2. Raised (Keloid) Acne Scars

Hypertrophic( aka Keloid) scars occur when excess scar tissue forms at the site of the injury. Hypertrophic scar are regions of fibrous and firm scar tissue which is raised relative to the circumventing health tissue. These scars present a situated of various types of objections than depressed scars and are addressed with different treatments.

When scar tissue forms in great excess, it can become a large nodule of dense, rubbery scar tissue that is known as a keloid. The developed at hypertrophic and keloid scars is less common in acne patients than the developed at depressed scars. A number of factors are also likely be involved in the process, including acne severity and span, genetics and secondary infections.

Because hypertrophic acne scars are raised, they can often be effectively treated with ablative laser resurfacing and microdermabrasion. They can also be surgically removed. Hypertrophic scars are generally less responsive to medications like substance peels, because the scar tissue is much more resistant to the ingredients in a substance peel than health tissue.

Some forms of laser therapy may be effective at disrupting the underlying scar tissue. Because ice pick scars are fairly narrow, punch-out excisions are a popular, mildly invasive and effective management technique.

Keloids, formed in the conditions of the lowered immunity, rough, elastic consistency, their surface is slightly wrinkled, and they act quite considerably above the skin. Often, their growth does not stop, and in appearance, they are similar to warts. Get rid of these irregularities can be through surgery, but certainly a complex with other methods of treatment. After all, any surgical intervention may leave a new scar or scar.

After removal of keloid scar, surgically removing superimposed in place special clip that avoids re-growth of collagen in excess. Scars on the lips and ears treated with pressure. From these you can get rid of scars and corticosteroids. This technique is commonly used in conjunction with surgery, but sometimes as a separate solution. In such treatment are introduced into the rumen or triamitsina different doses of dexamethasone. Such procedures are carried out two to four times per week until the desired result has not yet been reached.

3. Discoloration (Pigmentation) Acne Scars 

The tissue damage caused by inflammatory acne can cause many abnormal conditions in the scalp, besides the formation of fibrous scar tissue. Perhaps the more common long-term kind of acne scarring is the abnormal discoloration of the scalp .

1. Hyper-Pigmentation

Hyper-pigmentation are a precondition where elevated levels of the color melanin accumulate in the scalp. This makes the illusion of freckle-like places or smudges. Hyper-pigmentation occurred when melanocytes( the cadres that raise the melanin color) begin to proliferate at the site of hurt, or when an existing population of melanocytes begins to produce extravagance amounts of melanin. Both of these events can result from the damage caused by an inflammatory acne lesion .

Hyper-pigmentation is often treated with ignite and laser cares that are particularly target melanin, such as KTP Lasers, Pulsed Dye Lasers ( PDL), and Intense Pulsed Light(IPL) therapy. Hyperpigmentation is also addressed with the prescription prescriptions like hydroquinolone, which hinders the production of melanin, and topical Retinoids, which increase the rate of cellular turnover in the scalp .

2. Hypo-Pigmentation

Hypo-pigmentation occurred when melanocytes are expended from the hurt place or lose their ability to produce melanin. This is often the occasion in areas of skin that have been replaced with scar tissue, which tends to have a ignite, pinkish illusion. It can also occur in otherwise health examining regions of scalp .

Hypo-pigmentation is generally more noticeable in those individuals with darker basi scalp colors. Vitiligo is a condition in which melanocytes lose the ability to produce melanin. There are not many effective cares available for purposes of hypo-pigmentation, although chemical peels and laser resurfacing may be helpful for some individuals .

3. Erythema (Permanent Redness)

Erythema is a condition in which small capillaries near the surface of the scalp become damaged or permanently distended. This position presents as a region of redness in the scalp. Occasionally, individual capillaries are visible. Erythema is somewhat common in acne both patients and is most visible in patients with lighter scalp colors .

Erythema may be treated with topical prescription prescriptions to weaken vasodilation, but the results are usually temporary. Erythema generally reacts well to laser and light-colored based cares that selectively target hemoglobin, such as Argon and Pulsed Dye Lasers. Red Light Phototherapy may also be a useful care for erythema in some individuals .

how to get rid of acne scars

Atrophic scars are formed mostly after such diseases as chicken pox and acne. Treatment in this case will depend on the size and limitations of scars. If the scars are small, the injection of filler used drugs, which are based on hyaluronic acid gel. Such preparations have to disperse the property, so the effect will be achieved by temporary and require every six months to carry out the procedure again. Also, when atrophic scars applied grinding and peeling.

Such procedures may include:

  • Laser resurfacing: Laser allows you to compress the structure of the scar or burn scar tissue to a sufficient depth. It has an effect similar to peeling, suitable only for shallow scars. It is performed under general anesthesia.
  • Z-plastic: Surgical excision of the scar. Suitable for most large scars.
  • Microdermabrasion: This abrasive exfoliation. The skin is treated not deep, relatively painless procedure.
  • Dermobraziya: This is mechanical peeling. Lets get rid of all types of scars. It is performed under general anesthesia.

All of the above methods to get rid of scars after acne are held directly in specialized clinics and cosmetology classrooms by qualified personnel. They all have contraindications and side effects. Furthermore, in some cases can cause serious damage to your skin and leave the new, more severe scars.

How to get rid of acne scars at home

There are many ways to remove scars at home. Now pharmacies can purchase a variety of means for peeling at home, various creams, masks and absorb-able gels and ointments. But the folk remedies are the most simple and not costly. Furthermore, they will not harm your skin, even if used only for the prevention of skin health.

Of course, to get rid of scars can only be resorted to plastic surgery, but it is essential to smooth these flaws and make them less visible, it is possible not only in the beauty parlor, but also at home.

The main thing in this case, the regularity and patience. After all, to achieve something, it takes time, and in our case, it will take time to appear positive results. But this success will also depend on some of the complicating factors. For example, the surface of fresh scars and remove a lot easier than the long-standing and deep. In addition, skin type and age of the person play an important role here. The result will be more successful, and the treatment is easier if good skin regenerating properties.

For smoothing scars follow the folk remedies used at home:

  • Olive oil: With its use of massages. We need a small amount of high-quality unrefined olive oil applied to the skin and massage with fingertips in a circular area of scar heavy traffic. This massage promotes the renewal of skin cells and improves circulation. To conduct this procedure is recommended several times a day.
  • Camellia Oil: This oil contains vegetable proteins, vitamin E, oleic acid. It promotes skin cell renewal and stimulates their growth. Camellia oil in a small amount should be applied to the scar area and rub in a circular motion until completely absorbed.
  • Fresh lemon or lime juice: The juice must be squeezed onto a cotton ball and apply on the scar. Lemon and lime juice promotes renewal and regeneration of the skin, contains vitamin C in large amounts and is a natural antioxidant. To conduct such a procedure can be three times a day. If the skin is too sensitive, the best juice diluted one to one with the water. Use with caution, because the lemon juice greatly lightens the skin.
  • The extract of lavender: Lavender – one of the best natural remedies to improve blood circulation, promote the renewal and regeneration of skin cells, have anti-inflammatory effects and rejuvenate the skin. Lavender gives good results in getting rid of small scars. It should be three times a day to wet a cotton ball in the extract of lavender and apply for ten minutes to the scar.
  • Rose water and sandalwood powder. Rose water should be mixed with a small amount of powder thus sandal to a thick paste. The resulting mixture is applied with a thick layer to the area of the scar, and an hour rinse. If you carry out this procedure before going to bed, you can leave the mixture on the skin overnight. Buy sandalwood powder can be in Indian stores. It improves blood circulation, increases metabolism and promotes skin regeneration.
  • Gel and aloe vera juice: Aloe is a natural antioxidant, has powerful stimulating, protective, moisturizing and regenerating properties. This plant is widespread in the treatment of various skin problems, such as cuts, pimples, inflammation, as well as getting rid of the irregularities, scars and many other skin deficiencies. Use aloe gel or juice in its natural form, when applied to the field of scar gives good results. Furthermore, it is added to the natural cream mask for the skin and smooth, improving the appearance and rejuvenation.
  • Vitamin E: It is considered the vitamin of beauty, promotes cell renewal and regeneration of the skin. Improves skin color, has protective properties and is a natural antioxidant. It is necessary to daily consume foods containing vitamin E is present in green vegetables, green salad, dill, parsley, fresh apples, beans, nuts, almonds, berries and vegetable oils. You can also use the creams and masks containing in its composition vitamin E.

Masks to help get rid of scars after acne at home:

  • Cucumber mask: Small fresh cucumber grind in a blender and apply a thick layer on the skin for fifteen minutes. With regular use, this mask will help get rid of small scars left behind by acne. In addition, cucumber juice has a tonic and astringent properties, improves regeneration and well moisturized.
  • Pineapple mask: This exotic fruit contains fruit acids, which are very useful for the skin. They promote regeneration and increase its tone. A small piece of pineapple grind in a blender and apply to the skin resulting puree. Rinse with cool water after fifteen minutes.
  • Tomato mask: In tomatoes contain vitamins that contribute to the rejuvenation of the skin and its regeneration. Moreover, they are excellent improve circulation. You can lubricate the skin with fresh tomato juice or a slice of tomato. Such a mask should be flushed with warm water after twenty minutes after application and regularly repeating several times a day.

These recipes smoothing scars after acne are the most effective and safe, but they are created only for the patient. Be patient and eventually you will get excellent results.

References:
Acne Scars: Pathogenesis, Classification and Treatment. Fabbrochini, et al. 2010.
Resurfacing of Different Types of Facial Acne Scar With Short-Pulsed, Variable-Pulsed, and Dual-Mode Er:YAG Laser. Woo, et al. 2004.
Resurfacing the Acne Scarred Face. Fulton, et al. 1999.
The Management of Post-Acne Scarring. What are the Options for Treatment? Goodman, et al. 2000.

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