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All About Acne, Blackheads, Whiteheads, Pimples & Zits

Home / What Causes Acne / What Causes Acne?

What Causes Acne?

Those who questioning “what causes acne” are those who seeking to understand this disease. One of the biggest myths of acne is that potato chips and chocolate do not cause acne. But then, if food is not the problem, then what causes acne?

Normally, acne appearing on the face, on the forehead, on the cheeks, around the mouth, on the chin. Add up the worries, some people suffer acne on the body, on the chest and on the back. Some even have it on the scalp and in the earlobe. In the end, it leaves acne scars.

what causes acne

One of the great problems of acne is that it starts about 2-3 weeks before it can be seen on the surface of the skin. So even though it may seem like a grain has appeared overnight, what you are actually seeing is the final stage of a much longer process.

The process begins in the sebaceous follicles of the hair (they are those small holes that are known with the name of pores). Deep in each follicle, the sebaceous glands are working to produce sebum, the oil that keeps the skin moist and supple. As your skin renews, the old cells die off, mix with the natural oils on your skin, and break off. Under normal circumstances, these cells are released gradually, resulting in new and fresh skin.

But this process of detachment is different for each person. You can remove the cells equally or irregularly. If you do it irregularly the dead cells become viscous, they are grouped and form a stopper (like the cork in a bottle). This causes the oil and bacteria to remain inside the follicle.

The plugged follicle begins to swell because your skin continues to produce normal sebum. Your body attacks with a swarm of white blood cells. The entire process lasts 2 to 3 weeks and ends with the dreaded pimple.

what causes acne on cheeks on chin on forehead scars on face
Here are some of the main causes of Acne:

Hormones : For most acne sufferers, the problem begins at puberty, when the body begins to produce the hormones called androgens. These hormones make the sebaceous glands enlarge, is a natural part of the development of the body. The sebaceous glands are over-stimulated by androgens and this can continue for decades. Androgens are also responsible for acne outbreaks associated with the menstrual cycle and, occasionally, pregnancy.

Sebum : When the sebaceous gland is stimulated by androgens, it produces more sebum. In its path through the follicle to the surface, the sebum is mixed with the common bacteria of the skin and the dead cells of the skin, which have detached from the wall of the follicle. While this process is normal, the presence of sebum in the follicle increases the chances of clogging and can cause acne.

The follicle : Normally, the dead cells inside the follicle are expelled to the surface of the skin little by little. However, if you have hyperactive sebaceous glands, these cells break off faster. Mixed with sebum, dead skin cells form a plug in the follicle, preventing the skin from completing its natural renewal process.

Bacteria : The bacterium Propionibacterium is a habitual resident of all type of skin. It is part of the natural system of skin maintenance. Once the follicle is plugged Propionibacterium bacteria multiply rapidly, creating a chemical reaction that is known as inflammation in the follicle and surrounding skin.

Inflammation : When your body encounters unwanted bacteria, it sends an army of white blood cells to attack the intruders. This process is called chemotaxis or, simply, the inflammatory response. This is what causes the pimples to become red, swollen and cause pain. The inflammatory response is different for each person, but studies have shown that it is especially strong in adult women. That is why many women continue to suffer from acne after having spent years since adolescence. It’s definitely not chocolate.
Foods That Cause Acne

The relationship between food and acne vulgaris is usually misunderstood, however, many people see how acne outbreaks increase when eating certain foods. Although food intake does not affect everyone alike, those who suffer from acne, can learn how your body reacts with certain foods to prevent it from getting worse acne. Some foods are reputed to cause acne when eaten. No food causes acne alone, but there are certain foods that you can avoid so that they do not influence your skin. Let’s identify the best and worst foods for acne.
Allergy to food

Allergy to certain foods often leads to acne problems without the patient being aware of the foods that cause acne. When it comes to food allergies, there is not a single food that affects all patients in the same way. Food allergies vary from person to person so the only way to verify that the acne problems that a person is suffering from come from food allergies, is to actually carry out a standardized test. The name of one of the most common tests is ELISA. This antibody test is used to see how the patient reacts against a hundred different foods. The test results can determine which foods may be the most irritating to the patient’s skin.
What about normal foods?

Are there foods that cause acne, even without an allergic reaction? Although there are no specific foods that have been proven to cause acne breakouts by themselves, diets high in fat, sugar, oil, and carbohydrates are more likely to cause them. Given the propensity of diets high in fat and sugar to the appearance of acne, it is best to reduce the intake of these foods. Eating healthy foods, natural sugars, avoiding junk food and sweets will probably benefit any attempt to eliminate acne.

Some also suggest that very acidic foods are the ones that cause acne. Lentils, corn, raisins, blueberries, milk, cheese, butter, animal proteins, aspirin, and tobacco, can damage an acne-free lifestyle. With such a complex list, it is important to remember that the general diet determines the person’s acne tendencies.
Foods That Eliminate Acne

There is no need to declare war on food to avoid acne. Many of the foods also have positive effects on acne. Since zinc tends to improve the complexion, foods like eggs and mushrooms can help. As with most diets, eating more fish can also help. Omega 3 acid contributes to the health of the skin and thus will help in the prevention of acne.

Finally, an essential element in any diet and that helps a smoother and smoother skin, is water. Drinking up to 3 liters of water a day helps to improve the appearance of the skin, keep it moisturized and remove toxins, resulting in the reduction of inflammation leading to acne. Water is a cheap element that influences positively in a very remarkable way.

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